Bvb motto

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Jan. Bei Borussia Dortmund ist in einer Hinsicht eine erschreckende Entwicklung zu beobachten. Spieler entfremden den eigentlichen BVB-Claim. Das Motto vom BVB ist ja Echte Liebe. Aber wenn ich mir da einige Kommentaren von Fans durchlesen kann man zu denen nur sagen Echte Erfolgsfans. Jede. Febr. Das BVB-Motto: Bloß nicht verlieren. Foto: Firo. Borussia Dortmund muss im Rückspiel gegen Atalanta Bergamo ein verteidigen. Fragen. Dortmund also draws business tourismhaving been equipped with facilities like WILO, Amprion next to Westfalenhallen and football tourism with Fans of Borussia Dortmund. Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues. Retrieved 1 May Real won the first leg 2—0 at home. The district is characterize by the employee of the Amtsgericht, Landgericht the first and second instances of ordinary jurisdiction and the Prison. Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Schweden deutsch übersetzung Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both eltorero player and manager. Connections to more distant parts of Germany are maintained by Autobahn casino in online A1 and A2which traverse the north and east city limits and meet at the Kamener Kreuz interchange north-east of Dortmund. Retrieved 25 October casino en ligne depot paypal It is currently twinned m transfermarkt de ICE 3 on golf dubai live score Dortmund Hauptbahnhof. With the growing influence of Cologne during the 15th century, the seat was moved to Arnsberg in Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmunda successful club in German football. Retrieved 31 August

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Alle Plätze besitzen eine Flutlichtanlage. Die neue Arena lockte trotz Zweitklassigkeit und einem sechsten Platz in der Abschlusstabelle im Schnitt Januar gegen den VfB Dortmund statt und wurde mit 9: Der BVB ist gar amtierender Markenmeister Es gehe darum, Projektionsflächen für Sehnsuchtsgefühle zu finden. Köppel wurde daher durch Ottmar Hitzfeld vom Grasshopper Club Zürich ersetzt, was sich als Glücksgriff für die Borussia herausstellen sollte. Platz in der ewigen Liste der Tabellenführer. Und er gab kurz vor dem Abflug nach Italien die Richtung vor. Von einer echten Freundschaft zwischen den Fanszenen ist jedoch nicht zu casino echtgeld app. Dabei wurde zum ersten Mal das Double aus Meisterschaft und Pokal gewonnen. Umso bvb motto war der Wechsel in der Vorstandsetage von Walter Kliemt zu Heinz Günthersaarbrücken casino am staden den längst fälligen Sanierungskurs bei der Borussia einläutete. Zu diesem Zweck wurden verschiedene Tochterunternehmen gegründet, deren prominentestes die goool. Anfang wurde der Sponsorenvertrag mit Evonik bis zum Jahre verlängert. Der Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. Sie werden bejubelt, gefürchtet, sorgen für Siege oder Niederlagen. KGaA, abgerufen am Bis zur Eröffnung des Westfalenstadions zur Weltmeisterschaft fanden so Zumeist kamen die Trikotsponsoren der Borussia aus dem regionalen Umfeld. Sections of this page. Aber sie werden nicht mehr vielen Spielern ein Treuebekenntnis für die Borussia abnehmen. Es gebe zudem weitere stimmige Imagebotschaften bei anderen deutschen Profiklubs. Dieser Artikel wurde am 5. Der BVB war erster regionaler Rivale der Schalker, nachdem sich diese zu Zeiten der Weimarer Republik zunächst eher mit Vereinen aus der Rheinschiene um die westdeutschen Meisterschaften gestritten hatten. Das solltet ihr mal anerkennen und nicht jeden Tag auf ihn drauf hauen. Aber er dokumentiert, dass sich Geschäftsführer Hans-Joachim Watzke einer Ungerechtigkeit ausgesetzt sieht. Februar wurde der Börsengang der KGaA beschlossen. Mediadaten Datenschutzbestimmungen Nutzungsbedingungen Impressum. Juli auf welt. Vor allem geprägt durch die gemeinsame Abneigung gegen den Reviernachbarn FC Schalke 04 entwickelte sie sich durch gegenseitige Besuche bei den Lokalderbys gegen die Gelsenkirchener. Erneut war es mit Hilfe lokaler Sponsoren möglich, den Lizenzentzug abzuwenden, sportlich blieb die Lage der Borussia in den nächsten Jahren jedoch prekär.

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Oktober an die Börse. März , abgerufen am Die Fans stehen hinter dem BVB. Ich bin jemand der zu der Mannschaft hält egal ob jemand eine schwere Zeit hat oder nicht. Dem BVB erging es nicht anders als anderen Vereinen in der britischen Besatzungszone und er musste zunächst seine Wiederzulassung erwirken. Die ewige Tabelle der Bundesliga ; Stand: Zum Trainingsgelände gehören vier Rasenplätze, zwei davon sind beheizt, einer ist mit einer Kunstrasendecke versehen. Diesen mutigen Einsatz bezahlten einige von ihnen mit ihrem Leben, unter anderem Heinrich Czerkus , der Vereinswart des Stadions und der Vereinsanlagen bis zu deren Enteignung, und Franz Hippler , der Vorsitzende der Handballabteilung. KGaA, abgerufen am 5.

Bvb Motto Video

Unbelievable moment - 💛 - BVB Fans celebrate Leverkusen Player Sven Bender

See for yourself why the London Times newspaper hailed ours as the best football stadium in Borussia Dortmund stands for intensity, authenticity, cohesion and ambition.

Our stadium is the epicentre. The BVB-History serves you years of black-and-yellow history of football. Be it for yourself, your employees or business partners: Whatever the occasion, we would be glad to introduce you to the options you can choose from to turn into an experience.

This is the area where you can frame the match with spending your time in an atmosphere of exclusive luxury and fine hospitality.

Join stars and starlets! Starting from 1 February , the Borussia Dortmund Online Ticket Shop will no longer charge an additional fee for customers using the "print at home" service for tickets.

Leonardo Balerdi will return to Dortmund earlier than expected after sustaining an injury to his mouth cavity at the South American U20 Championship.

This Bundesliga home game was already sold out but there is now a new batch of tickets available. In the first half, Hannover 96 made a real impact and had more shots than their hosts In the second period, however, it was almost entirely one-way traffic as BVB had the….

A number of clubs…. Here is his initial match reaction. Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues.

The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen , but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough.

It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with Schalke 04 of suburban Gelsenkirchen , the most successful side of the era see Revierderby.

Between and , Borussia featured in the Oberliga West , a first division league which dominated German football through the late s. In , Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim , which they lost 2—3 after extra time.

The club claimed its first national title in with a 4—2 win against Karlsruher SC. One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4—1 to win their second national title.

In , Borussia won the last edition of the German Football Championship before the introduction of the new Bundesliga to secure their third national title.

In , the DFB met in Dortmund and voted to establish a professional football league in Germany, to begin play in August as the Bundesliga.

Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play in the league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship.

The s were characterised by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in , and the opening of the Westfalenstadion , named after its home region Westphalia in The club earned its return to Bundesliga in Dortmund continued to have financial problems through the s.

In , Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and would have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.

Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the s. FC Kaiserslautern in In —97 the team reached its first European Cup final.

Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel.

Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball.

With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert, [10] [11] [12] Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3—1 victory.

Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2—0 in the Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions. As defending champions Dortmund reached the Champions League semi-final in Lambert had left in November to return to play in Scotland.

Real won the first leg 2—0 at home. Dortmund played better in the second leg but failed to take their chances. Dortmund went out 2—0 on aggregate.

In October , Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market.

In , Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen , securing the title on the final day.

Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both a player and manager. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion grounds.

The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the —04 UEFA Champions League , when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge.

The naming rights agreement runs until Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the —06 season, but rallied to finish seventh. In the —07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years.

Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer.

In the —08 season, Dortmund lost to many smaller Bundesliga clubs. The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth-place VfL Wolfsburg and 14th-place SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign.

Entering the —11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster. On 4 December , Borussia became Herbstmeister "Autumn Champion" , an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break.

They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt —94 and 1.

This championship equalled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the —12 Champions League group stages.

By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season. The club capped its successful —12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern 5—2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal.

Borussia Dortmund ended the —13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Despite such a promising start, however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, seeing them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could go only as far as the quarter-finals of the Champions League , losing 3—2 on aggregate to Real Madrid.

Nevertheless, Dortmund managed to end their season on a high note by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the DFB-Pokal Final , losing 0—2 to Bayern in extra time.

However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0—1 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2—2 draws against VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomers Paderborn After the eighth matchday, they were surpassed by Bayern Munich following an unlucky draw with Hoffenheim.

Defender Marc Bartra was injured, and taken to hospital. UEFA went on to say that the team made no objection to playing, and that the decision was made in compliance with the club and local law enforcement.

The stadium currently hosts up to 81, spectators standing and seated for league matches and 65, seated spectators for international matches.

After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters.

The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in , Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne , which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the World Cup.

The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund, and a new stadium became reality. The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the World Cup.

In , the Borusseum , a museum about Borussia Dortmund, opened in the stadium. Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.

There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms , classrooms, conference halls , offices for the BVB front office , a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!

Reinhard Rauball , his proxy and vice-president Gerd Pieper, and treasurer Dr. This corporation model has two types of participators: The investment of the latter is divided into stocks.

This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad.

KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market. KGaA is owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.

Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff , the youth and junior section, and scouting.

This figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales-related taxes. In addition, there are three different levels of partners: As a result of restructuring, the RAG business areas of chemicals, energy and real estate were transferred to a new business entity, but the company name was still unknown at that time.

Placeholder in — was an artwork of an exclamation mark of the painter Otmar Alt. Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes.

Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Since , 18 players have held the position of club captain for Borussia Dortmund.

In , Dortmund had waited for continental success for over 30 years; Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League.

Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title.

On 22 May , Lucien Favre was confirmed as the new head coach of the club for the —19 season. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Borussia Dortmund Full name Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. Westfalenstadion and Stadion Rote Erde. Oliver [69] — E. Football in Germany portal.

Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original PDF on 22 January Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 28 November The Joy of Six: British and Irish footballers abroad".

Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 12 July The first all-German Champions League final". Retrieved 5 March

Ein Verein, der es schafft, junge talentierte Spieler anzulocken. Sahin wäre der natürliche Ersatz, erwies sich aber bei seinem letzten Einsatz gegen den SC Freiburg 2: Ein romantisches Bild, das nicht mehr viel mit der Realität zu tun hat. August ; abgerufen am Oder wäre der Verein gut beraten, bei seinen Transferaktivitäten wieder langfristiger und um die Ecke zu denken, den Charakter des möglichen Neuzugangs in den Vordergrund bvb motto bitcoin kaufen sofortüberweisung, so casino baden baden veranstaltungen es in der Klopp-Ära der Fall war. Ball halten, Angriffe initiieren — das hält den Gegner fern vom Tor. Für mehr Informationen zu den handelnden Personen bei Borussia Dortmund: Keine Frage, auch woanders haben Klubs mit immer dreisteren Real spanisch ihrer kickenden Angestellten zu kämpfen. Anders die Herren Mkhitaryan, Dembele und Aubameyang. Dort wurde gemeinsam Borussias 4: Bei der WM wurden neben vier Vorrundenspielen ein Achtel- und ein Halbfinalspiel im Westfalenstadion ausgetragen.

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Keine Frage, auch woanders haben Klubs mit immer dreisteren Methoden ihrer kickenden Angestellten zu kämpfen. Diesen Satz einen emotionalen Ausbruch zu nennen, wäre in der Tat übertrieben. Halten Sie sich beim Kommentieren bitte an unsere Richtlinien: Denn schon in den goldenen Jahren wanderten die Spieler weiter. Borussia Dortmund wird dreimal zu Oberligazeiten und fünfmal in der Bundesliga deutscher Meister.

Dortmund has a large number of international relations and partnerships. It is currently twinned with: The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.

The downtown of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city. Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.

Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example the opera house are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.

Unlike the Dortmund city centre, much of the inner districts around the old medieval centre escaped damage in the second world war and post war redevelopment.

The Kreuzviertel is characterised by old buildings, the majority of which come from the turn of the 20th century to In the second World War , relatively few buildings were destroyed in comparison to other areas of the city.

Today, Kreuzviertel forms a nearly homogeneous historic building area. Moreover, local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighbourhood have reinforced a budding sense of community and artistic expression.

The West park is the green lung of the Kreuzviertel and in the months between May and October a centre of the student urban life. The district has the highest real estate prices in Dortmund.

Even today many artists choose Kreuzviertel as their residence: The northern downtown part of Dortmund called Nordstadt, situated in a territory of As the largest homogeneous old building area in Ruhr the Nordstadt is a melting pot of different people of different countries and habits just a few steps from the city center.

All of the residents live in a densely populated hectare area the most densely populated residential area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with steelworks, port and railway lines acting as physical barriers cutting off the area from the city centre and other residential districts.

The area has been badly affected by the deindustrialisation of these heavy industries, with the target area developing a role as the home for growing numbers of immigrants and socially disadvantaged groups partly because of the availability of cheaper although poor quality accommodation.

There is also much equipment for children to spend their free time. For example, the 35 meters high Big Tipi, which was brought in from the Expo in Hanover.

All of that should attract families to settle in, but low prices of apartments and a variety of renting offers speak for the contrary. This developed into the youngest population of Dortmund is living and created a district with art house cinemas to ethnic stores, from exotic restaurants to student pubs.

The Borsigplatz is probably one of the best known squares in the Nordstadt. Ballspielverein Borussia Dortmund was founded nearby, north-east of the main railway station.

The streets radiating outward to form a star shape, the sycamore in the middle of the square and the tramline running diagonally across the square give Borsigplatz its very own flair.

In this district numerous magnificent buildings from the s and new buildings from the s are located next to the heritage-protected State Mining Office Dortmund, several Courts, Consulate and the East Cemetery.

The district is characterize by the employee of the Amtsgericht, Landgericht the first and second instances of ordinary jurisdiction and the Prison.

The Moltkestreet also known as the Cherry Blossom Avenue, became famous after photographers started posting pictures of blooming trees.

The Union District is located west of the former ramparts of Dortmund and follows the course of the Westenhellweg. Today it is developing an inspiring young artist scene, with more and more students thanks to cheaper apartments near the university and a vibrant gastronomy.

This development benefits strongly from the new, widely visible beacon, the art and creative centre Dortmunder U, opened in Yet, for a time, it was mainly the Union Gewerbehof activists and other single stakeholders who initiated change.

Lake Phoenix was one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in Europe. On the area of the former blast furnace and steel plant site of ThyssenKrupp newly formed and developed a new urban resident and recreational area 3 kilometers 2.

The water surface area of 24 acres is larger than the Hamburg Alster. Lake Phoenix is a shallow water lake with a depth of 3 to 4 meters and a capacity of around , cubic meters.

Attractive high priced residential areas were thus created on the southern and northern sides of the Lake. The finished sole is primarily fed by groundwater and unpolluted rainwater from the new building sites.

Together with the renatured Emscher, the Lake forms a water landscape of 33 hectares, which, as a linking area, is an important element of the Emscher landscape park.

The renaturation of the Emscher River is managed by the public water board Emschergenossenschaft. The financial frame is 4. The trail links tourist attractions related to the industrial heritage in the whole Ruhr area in Germany.

Other tall buildings are the churches around the city centre. A selection of the tallest office buildings in Dortmund is listed below.

Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Autobahnsystem. The Ruhrschnellweg follows old Hanseatic trade routes to connect the city with the other metropolises of the Ruhr Area.

According to Der Spiegel , it is the most congested motorway in Germany. Connections to more distant parts of Germany are maintained by Autobahn routes A1 and A2 , which traverse the north and east city limits and meet at the Kamener Kreuz interchange north-east of Dortmund.

As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.

The local carrier, Dortmunder Stadtwerke DSW21 , is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr VRR association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region.

The central train station Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany. For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn and bus system.

The trains that run on the line are in fact lightrails as many lines travel along a track in the middle of the street instead of underground further from the city centre.

The minimum service interval is 2. In April , the newly constructed east-west underground light rail line was opened, completing the underground service in the city centre and replacing the last trams on the surface.

A number of bus lines complete the Dortmund public transport system. Night buses replace U-Bahn and tram services between 1: The central junction for the night bus service is Reinoldikirche in the city centre, where all night bus lines start and end.

In , the airport served 1,, passengers mainly used for low-cost and leisure charter flights. Dortmund Harbour Hafen is the largest canal harbour in Europe and the 11th fluvial harbour in Germany.

ICE 3 on the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof. Stadtbahnwagen B Light Rail Vehicle. Dortmund Airport — Main Terminal T2. Dortmund has adapted since the collapse of its century long steel, coal and beer industries.

The region has shifted to high technology, robotics , biomedical technology , micro systems technology , engineering, tourism, finance, education, services and is thus one of the most dynamic new-economy cities in Germany.

In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow. Dortmund is also home to a number of medium-sized information technology companies, [55] many linked to the local university TU Dortmund at the first technology center in Germany named "Technologiepark Dortmund" opened in the s.

With around companies like Boehringer Ingelheim and Verizon Communications and more than 8, employees, TechnologiePark Dortmund is one of the most successful technology parks in Europe.

The city works closely with research institutes, private universities, and companies to collaborate on the commercialisation of science initiatives.

Dortmund is home to many insurance companies e. In recent years a service sector and high-tech industry have grown up. Dortmund is also the headquarter of Century Media Records , a heavy metal record label with offices in the United States and London.

Tourism in Dortmund is a fast-growing economic factor every year: A new Tourist Information center right next to the U-Tower, gives visitors a quick overview of the tourist attractions in the City and Ruhr Area.

The majority of tourists are domestic visitors, coming from Germany. Dortmund also draws business tourism , having been equipped with facilities like WILO, Amprion next to Westfalenhallen and football tourism with Fans of Borussia Dortmund.

Today some of the most reputed shops, department stores have stores here. It is a pedestrian-only area and is bordered by the Reinoldikirche in the east and U-Tower in the west.

The Westenhellweg has one of the highest rents for retail and office space in North Rhine-Westphalia. In a new shopping mall named Thier-Galerie opened, with nearly stores and chains, including; Armani , Adidas , Diesel and Hollister.

During the month before Christmas , the extended pedestrian-only zone is host to Dortmund Christmas Market , one of the largest and oldest Christmas markets in Germany.

With more than 3. It is located between the Ostenhellweg and Neutor to Wallring. Dortmund is one of the most important logistic hubs in Germany, more than companies working in logistics, as well as nationally and internationally recognised scientific institutes.

The variety of different activities taking place at the Fraunhofer Institute Material Flow and Logistics Fraunhofer Society has, over the past few years, led to a bundling of skills in the areas of logistics and digitalisation in the city.

Industry-based initiatives and pilot projects, such as the Hybrid Services in Logistics innovation lab, the efficiency cluster LogistikRuhr, Industrial Data Space, the Dortmund Mittelstand 4.

Important fairs restricted to professionals include "D. As a profoundly international city, Dortmund hosts diplomatic missions consulates and consulates-general of Italy , [68] Greece , [69] Bangladesh , [70] Ghana , [71] South Africa , [72] the Czech Republic , [72] and Slovenia.

Two important daily newspapers are published in and around Dortmund. The conservative Ruhr Nachrichten , also known as RN , was founded in The RN has a circulation of over , copies daily.

Several magazines also originate from Dortmund. Visions is a German music magazine with a circulation of approximately 35, Each day, it produces a minute regional evening news magazine called Lokalzeit Ruhr , a 5-minute afternoon news programme, and several radio news programmes.

A local broadcasting station called Radio Warning , Do Fish Do It? Dortmund has schools and 17 business, technical colleges teach more than 85, pupils.

The city has a 4-year primary education program. After completing primary school, students continue to the Hauptschule, Realschule, Gesamtschule or Gymnasium college preparatory school.

The Stadtgymnasium Dortmund which was founded in as Archigymnasium is one of the oldest schools in Europe. The school is an International Baccalaureate school.

Technical University of Dortmund founded in is located in the southern part of the city. It has about 30, students and a wide range of subjects in of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry , spatial planning and economics.

The university is highly ranked in terms of its research performance in the areas of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry and economics.

Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts is a Fachhochschule with 12, students, and staff, of which are professors. The Fachhochschule was created by a merger of several institutions of higher learning in Owing to its history as separate institutions, it consists of three campuses in different parts of Dortmund.

Additional offices in the city centre are used for administrative purposes. The city is the site of several other universities, colleges and academies, which attract about 45, students.

Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.

In a study of the most livable biggest cities in Germany , Dortmund ranked on position ten between Nurmberg and Stuttgart and first of all large cities in Germany due to sport, gastronomy and shopping opportunities.

In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow [4] and is the most sustainable city in Germany.

The city has a long tradition of music and theatre. The orchestra was founded in and is now called Dortmunder Philharmoniker. It is operated by Theater Dortmund together with other locations, including since the Konzerthaus Dortmund.

The Dortmund U-Tower, which was once a brewery, is now European centre for creative economy and the Museum am Ostwall.

Dortmund leading cabaret-stage is the Cabaret Queue, which is located next to Lake phoenix. Some other famous cabaret-stages are the Fletch Bizzel and the theatre Olpktetal.

The most important cabaret event is the RuhrHOCHdeutsch, which is one of the most successful cabaret festivals in Germany.

It features artists from around the world. Dortmund is also famous for its Christmas market, which draws well over three and a half million visitors of stalls around a gigantic Christmas tree creation that stands 45 metres tall.

The market is famous for its handmade ornaments and delicacies. The Botanischer Garten Rombergpark , or informally Rombergpark, is an extensive municipal arboretum and botanical garden located in the south of the city center of Dortmund.

With its total area of 65 hectares the Rombergpark is one of the largest botanical gardens in the world. In it was acquired by the city and under city planning director Richard Nose enhanced by a small herb garden.

The Dortmund Zoo is the zoological garden with 28 hectares next to the Rombergpark and was founded With 1, animals belonging to species the Dortmund Zoo is the second largest in the Ruhr Valley.

It is specialized in the keeping and breeding of South American species and is leading in the breeding of the giant anteater , the tamandua and the giant otter.

The park is 72 hectares in size and is among one of the largest urban gardens of Germany. It was first opened in as the second Bundesgartenschau abbr.

One of the best views across the whole Ruhr valley is offered by the visitors platform and the revolving restaurant in the metre high Florian tower.

With more than 20 museums, Dortmund has one of the largest variety of museums in the Ruhr Valley. There a some anchor points on the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

The Museum am Ostwall known as Museum am Ostwall until is a museum of modern and contemporary art. It was founded in the late s, and has been located in the Dortmund U-Tower since The collection includes paintings , sculptures , objects and photographs from the 20th century, plus over 2, graphics , spanning Expressionism through classic modern art to the present day.

The German Football Museum German: It is located close to the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof and is part of an art and culture mile between the creative center Dortmund U-Tower and the Theater Dortmund , founded to preserve, conserve and interpret important collections of football memorabilia.

In its permanent exhibition, the Museum presents the history of Germany national football team and the Bundesliga. The collection includes paintings, sculptures, furniture and applied art, illustrating the cultural history of Dortmund from early times to the 20th century.

There are regular temporary exhibitions of art and culture, as well as a permanent exhibition on the history of surveying , with rare geodetic instruments.

The Steinwache is a memorial museum of the exhibition Widerstand und Verfolgung in Dortmund — "Resistance and Persecution in Dortmund " , which demonstrates the persecution under National Socialism with many photographs, short texts and sometimes with reports from contemporary witnesses.

Between and more than 66, people were imprisoned in the Steinwache prison. Dortmund offers a variety of restaurants, bars and clubs.

Clubs concentrate in and around the city centre Wallring and in the Kreuzviertel district. Furthermore, Dortmund is one of the main centres of the Electronic dance music and techno subculture.

With the Mayday and Syndicate festivals, the Westfalenhalle Arena has become one of the most important techno strongholds in Europe.

After negotiations with several German cities, it was announced that the Love Parade would move to the Ruhr Area for five years The event was planned as a "Love Weekend", with parties throughout the region.

For the first time the Turkish electronic scene was represented by its own float, called " Turkish Delights ". The official estimate is that 1. Every year, the Juicy Beats music festival turns the Westfalenpark into a huge festival ground for pop, rap, electro, indie, alternative, reggae and urban beats - most recently with over 50, visitors.

In summer the people like to eat a Dortmunder Salzkuchen Bread buns with caraway fruits, salt, meat and onions. Also a special meal in the winter is Reibekuchen fried potato pancake served with apple sauce.

Dortmund had more than years of brewing tradition, some of the oldest breweries in Westphalia are founded around the Old Market in Dortmund.

A local innkeeper saw the potential of serving quick drinks to people waiting, and a Dortmund tradition began. The Dortmunder Tropfen Schnaps is a type of liqueur that is flavored with herbs or spices and traditionally drunk neat as a digestif.

Dortmund calls itself Sportstadt City of Sports. The city is the home of the biggest handball association in the world the German Handball Association German: Furthermore, Dortmund is home of the Olympic centre of Westphalia.

The city is home of many sports clubs, iconic athletes and annually organises several world-renowned sporting events, such as the Ruhrmarathon and the Sparkassen Chess-Meeting.

Dortmund is home to the sports club Borussia Dortmund , one of the most successful clubs in German football history. Borussia Dortmund are former Bundesliga champions most recently in — This made it the first European Cup winner in Germany.

Borussia Dortmund also has a table tennis team, playing in the first Bundesliga. The official name of the club is 1.

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Clubs Introduction Promotion to 2. Bundesliga Promotion to Bundesliga Top scorers. Red Star Belgrade — Finals Winning managers Winning players.

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